Beginner’s Guide to Basic Skincare Routine
Taking care of your skin is no longer considered as an indulgence or luxury but it is necessity. Though everyone has different skin and therefore different skin issues, concerns or goals, there are certain skin-routine rules that generally apply to everyone. These are otherwise known as the basics.
If you’re unsure about how to put together a skin-care routine, or you’re looking to brush up on the basics, here is some information that you would love to know!
If you are still new in skincare world, it is best to keep it simple. Start with your basics and expand as you see fit. Those basics should always include the following three steps, performed in the following order:
Step 1: Cleanse
Washing your face is the most basic and essential step of any routine. Our skin comes in contact with environmental pollutants, dirt and other factors each day that should be gently removed. So you need to wash your face twice a day, morning and night, to avoid clogged pores, dullness and acne. Cleansing in the morning will help to remove any evidence of sweat or oil left from your pillow and hair during your beauty sleep. Cleansing your face at night help to prevent clogged pores and let your skin repair itself while you were sleeping.
However, if you tend to have very dry skin, it is okay to use only plain water to wash your face in the morning.
When choosing a facial cleanser, the beginners should opt for a gentle, hydrating one. Any skin type will tolerate a hydrating cleanser. Make sure to look for one that is fragrance-free, has minimal ingredients (to avoid irritation), and has ceramides and glycerin to restore and maintain the skin barrier.
Step 2: Moisturize
The most basic function of a moisturizer is to hydrate and soften the skin. Moisturizers assist in preventing water loss through the outer layers of skin. It is advisable to use an oil-free, fragrance-free moisturizer.
If you have oily or acne-prone skin, you also need to wear moisturizer in your daily routine. Over-washing without the appropriate use of a moisturizer will actually trigger an over-production of oil on your skin.
Step 3: Protect With Sunscreen
All skincare experts agreed on one thing, that sunscreen is, hands down, the most crucial skin-care product. Daily and consistent sunscreen use helps to prevent the development of fine lines and wrinkles, textural imperfections, and changes in the appearance of pores over time. More importantly, daily sunscreen use can help to prevent the formation of certain skin cancers. Opt for a sunscreen that is SPF 30 or higher, and apply it daily (even when it’s cloudy), always as the final step in your skin-care routine.
There are two types of ingredients in formulas of sunscreen:
- Chemical ingredients, such as oxybenzone and octinoxate, which are absorbed into your skin to counteract the damage from ultraviolet light.
- Lightweight, easy to apply and transparent on the skin.
- Can irritate and cause reactions to those with sensitive skin.
- Physical ingredients, such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, that sit on top of your skin to deflect or prevent UV rays from entering your body.
- Very little risk of irritation or health concerns.
- Often leave a white or grayish tint on the skin, particularly in those with darker skin tones.
Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure, and reapply at least every two hours. Chemical sunscreens should be applied directly to clean skin, while physical sunscreen can be applied last in your skin-care regimen, but before makeup is applied.